Cyber security architecture is the foundation of an organization’s defense against cyber attacks. It makes sure that all parts of its IT infrastructure are safe. The success of an organization depends on how well its security is set up.
A good business plan, a productive staff, and key executives with business experience are all important. All of these things work together to make a strong team, and building a strong cybersecurity architecture is no different.
This shows how important it is for your organization’s cybersecurity architecture to be perfect if you want to keep it safe from attacks from outside. There are many different kinds of cyber threats and security breaches, and they change all the time.
Because of this, a company needs to keep a high level of security awareness and know the procedures and strategies that can be used to fight off possible threats.
What is Cyber Security Architecture?
Cybersecurity architecture, which is also called “network security architecture,” is a framework that describes the organizational structure, standards, policies, and functional behavior of a computer network.
It includes both security and network aspects. Cybersecurity architecture is often used to describe how the different parts of your computer or cyber system are set up, coordinated, and linked.
A system’s overall architecture includes a cybersecurity architectural framework. It is made to help with the design of a product or system as a whole.
Security architecture helps you decide where to put security controls and how to respond to security breaches, as well as how they fit into the larger systems framework of your company.
The main goal of these controls is to keep your most important system’s qualities, such as confidentiality, integrity, and availability, in good shape. It is also the coming together of hardware and software knowledge, programming skills, research skills, and policy making.
Let’s look at the most important part of security architecture to get a better idea of what cyber security architecture is.
Component of Cyber Security Architecture
Internal Auditors say that a proper and effective cybersecurity architecture has three key parts. These are the people, processes, and tools that your company uses to protect its assets.
Your security policy should guide your security architecture so that these parts work well together. figuring out what you want from your security architecture, how to implement it, and how to enforce it
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A security policy is a statement that says how each entity interacts with each other, what each entity is allowed to do, what level of security a system needs, and what steps should be taken if these security protocols are not met.
A successful and well-planned security architecture is made up of the following parts:
- The direction is required in all areas including threat response, disaster recovery, configurations, account creation and maintenance, and cybersecurity surveillance.
- Control over identity.
- The inclusion and exclusion criteria for those who fall inside the security architecture’s domain have been established.
- Access and border management.
- Authenticating and modifying the architecture
Features of Cyber Security Architecture
Let’s go over some of the main components of the architecture for cyber security in the following areas:
- Computers, gateways, routers, modems, NICs, hubs, repeaters, bridges, switches, etc. are examples of network nodes.
- Protocols used for network communication include TCP/IP, DNS, DHCP, IMAP, and HTTP.
- connections between nodes using particular protocols
- Node topologies in a network might be point-to-point, chained, circular, or hybrid.
- Firewalls, intrusion detection or intrusion prevention systems, encryption or decryption equipment, and other cyber security tools.
- Incorporating anti-virus, anti-spyware, and anti-malware software.
- Securing network communication protocols such as DNS, DHCP, TCP/IP, HTTPS, FTTP, and IMAP.
- Putting into practice strong encryption methods like end-to-end encryption, blockchain, and zero privacy knowledge.
Security Frameworks and Standards:
- Standards for the architecture of cyber security include NIST (RMF) Risk Management Framework SP 800-37 and ISO IEC 27000-Series.
- Technical requirements for selecting the software for cyber security.
Security Policies and Procedures
These are the security guidelines and regulations that your firm has in place and upholds. According to the Cybersecurity Forum, a cybersecurity architecture should ideally be created and simulated using an industry-standard architectural modeling language (e.g., SysML, UML2).
While the characteristics of a cyber security architecture have been briefly discussed, it is equally important to comprehend the critical steps that makeup security architecture.
The security architecture framework and process contains the following phases:
- Architecture Risk Assessment: This section evaluates how your company will be affected by important business assets, risks, vulnerabilities, and security threats.
- Design and Architecture for Security Services: At this stage, the design and architecture for security services are developed to help secure the assets of your organization while also facilitating business risk exposure targets and goals.
- Implementation: During the implementation phase, cybersecurity services and procedures are used, implemented, tracked, and managed. The architecture is designed to make sure that risk assessments, security rules and regulations, and security architecture decisions are all fully implemented and successful throughout time.
- Operations and Monitoring: To monitor, oversee, and manage the operational status as well as assess the impact of the system’s security, threat and vulnerability management, as well as threat management, are utilized.
Security architects are particularly skilled at identifying potential threats. They are knowledgeable enough about computer and network architecture to develop security architecture strategies, implement them, and assess their effectiveness. All of that information about cyber security architecture covered its elements, characteristics, and phases.