Teaching kids how to program, question, and manage digital gadgets has become standard in our schools as our technologies have swiftly expanded and manipulating this technology has emerged as a critical college and career-ready ability.
Coding, on the other hand, is the application of learning. Before students can accomplish these activities effectively, they must first comprehend the principles that underpin the application.
Understanding future technologies necessitates the ability to think computationally. It’s more of a mental process than a collection of knowledge about a gadget or language. Although computers and coding are frequently connected with computational thinking, it is crucial to stress that it may be taught without them.
As a result, computational thinking can be used in every classroom, including those of our youngest students in primary school. And, in my opinion, it is rapidly becoming a required foundational skill for pupils.
Teachers may ensure that their young children are learning to think in a way that will allow them to access and understand their digital world by explicitly teaching computational thinking and providing room for its development.
In other words, teaching computational thinking prepares kids for future success. It can also be incorporated into existing routines and curriculum.
Computational Thinking’s Basic Elements
Decomposition, pattern recognition, abstraction, and algorithms are the four cornerstones of computational thinking, according to the BBC. Decomposition encourages pupils to break down difficult problems into smaller, more manageable chunks.
Students can use pattern recognition to find connections between comparable situations and experiences. Abstraction encourages students to focus on the most significant aspects while dismissing those that are unrelated or unimportant. Finally, while creating simple methods to address issues, students employ algorithms.
It’s difficult to see kindergartners solving algorithms at first glance. At their heart, though, each of these cornerstones fits neatly into the active learning and thinking that occurs in grades K-2. Primary school students are eager to play.
They don’t mind taking chances. We can drive students’ thinking forward by harnessing young children’s natural dispositions to explore and play, as well as encouraging problem-solving skills.
Computational thinking promotes creative thinking while also providing structure so that the abilities children learn can be applied to more difficult projects in the future.
And inviting your youngest learners to join you as inventors and problem-solvers and dive into the world of computational thinking is possibly even easier than you think! Here are some suggestions to get you started.
Computational Thinking in Early Childhood Classrooms: Strategies for Implementation
Decomposition is an Important Skill to Learn.
Students are brought into problem-solving settings when teaching decomposition to young learners. Teachers present the multistep challenge to pupils and lead discussions that help them break it down.
While pupils at this age may not be developmentally ready for multistep instructions or problems, they are ready to be exposed to adult thinking models. Students begin to construct a framework of strategic, computational thinking as a result of this.
Ideas to Try: Teachers may present a situation including numerous processes, such as preparing a birthday celebration. Without a well-organized to-do list of smaller, more manageable tasks, this endeavor can soon become overwhelming.
Students can assist in breaking down the larger work, and the teacher can assist in drawing or writing a visual representation of their reasoning, which will provide students with a mental map of how to approach similar issues in the future.
Learning to Recognize Patterns
Pattern recognition, as a cornerstone of computational thinking, starts with the basic ABAB pattern generation taught in elementary school and progresses to more complicated layers of thought.
Pattern recognition encourages pupils to compare and contrast comparable objects or experiences in order to find similarities. Young kids can begin to gain a grasp of trends and so be able to make predictions by determining what the items or experiences have in common.
Ideas to Try: You may start by researching trees to teach kids how to spot patterns. What is the one thing that all trees share in common? Every one of them has a trunk. They all have a foundation. They’re all connected via branches. While there are many distinctions between different types of trees, these elements are found in all of them.
Next, collaborate with your pupils to make a tree collage. They all have trunks, roots, and branches, as you can see. Then discuss the differences between the trunks. Some are heavy, while others are light. Others are white, while others are brown. Discuss the differences between the roots and the branches.
Invite your kids to design a tree and identify the trunk, roots, and branches to further their thinking. Emphasize that, while the trees in your class may appear to be diverse, they are all the same in terms of their essential components.
Finding patterns makes things easier to complete since you can apply what you already know. Students’ awareness of the world around them grows as a result of educating them to spot patterns. This enables them to apply the patterns they’ve discovered to future challenges and create world forecasts.
Abstraction is a difficult concept to teach
Abstraction is the process of concentrating on the most important and relevant information. It entails extracting essential information from irrelevant details.
Ideas to Try: Teachers naturally teach children the notion of abstraction through literature in primary schools, as they identify the main idea and crucial details.
Teachers can take this a step further by assigning a goal to students as they approach a book or even an activity, encouraging them to search for information, clues, or treasures. A kindergarten class can be looking for information about brushing their teeth as they listen to a lecturer during a school presentation about dental hygiene.
Students that are taught abstraction are able to sort through all the available information to find the exact information they require. As kids read longer books and are confronted with increasingly complex information, this is a crucial skill.
Algorithms can be taught in a variety of ways
Algorithmic thinking entails coming up with solutions to problems. It creates a set of sequential rules that must be followed in order to solve an issue. Children might learn in the early grades that the sequence in which things are done has an effect.
To introduce this concept to pupils, you could ask them to imagine making a sandwich. What should we start with? Second? What if I put the lettuce and cheese on my sandwich before the mayonnaise? Conversations about order and sequence lay the groundwork for algorithmic reasoning.
Invite students to build a path from their classroom to the gym by specifying a series of stages to get them thinking about algorithms. Then give them a chance to test it out! Inviting kids to consider their morning routine is also a good idea. What steps do they take each morning to get ready for school?
What effect would the order have on the outcome? Students are encouraged to be introspective in their thinking and to make changes to their plan to attain the intended result when they are asked to consider how inputs impact the output.
Connecting Our Children’s Minds to Future Thinking
Teaching computational thinking methods to young pupils goes well beyond boosting their computer literacy. It’s far more in-depth and insightful. We live in a world where Smartphones and Smart homes are commonplace, and knowing how they function allows us to approach technology as a collaborator in problem-solving.
Computational thinking enables pupils to use technology as active rather than passive users. The way we understand and ask questions about the technology that surrounds us will become a crucial differentiator in the workforce of the twenty-first century.
Those who can accomplish it successfully and efficiently will be in a better position to succeed professionally and in life in the long run. Preparation may and should begin with our youngest students.