We use the internet and other digital technologies all the time in the world we live in now. Even if a person doesn’t have a smartphone or use the internet at home, they will likely need to use computers, automated equipment, or digital tools at work.
When cutting-edge technology is everywhere, like it is now, cyber security and the possibility of hackers are also big worries.
Since there is a growing need for ethical hackers in cybersecurity and IT companies all over the world, ethical hacking has become one of the most popular job options. Let’s find out more about ethical hacking and everything we need to know about this area of cyber security.
What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical hacking means that the hacking activities are done with good intentions and are guided by moral or ethical principles. Ethical hacking is any kind of hacking that gets permission from the owner of the system being broken into.
A person who has passed a Hacker is a specialist in hacking who deals with hacking in a good way. This task also involves actively putting in place security measures to keep systems safe from hackers with bad intentions about data privacy.
Technically, ethical hacking is the process of getting around or breaking a system’s security measures to find weaknesses, data breaches, and possible dangers. For it to be considered ethical, it must follow the cyber laws of the place where it is done.
In short, a good hacker can get into the target system before a bad hacker can. This lets the organization’s security staff close a security hole that would have let an attacker get into the system or do a hack if it hadn’t been fixed.
Types of Ethical Hacking
Hacking a Web Application: To hack a web application, you have to change HTTP properties that aren’t stored in the URI, change the URI, or use the software’s built-in visual chrome browser.
System hacking: Hackers can get into a computer system by using a network. IT security experts can protect against these threats with techniques like packet sniffing, privilege escalation, password cracking, and more.
Web server hacking: Application software database servers make web content that changes in real-time. Attackers use social engineering, port scans, sniffing attacks, gluing, and ping deluge attacks to steal credentials, passcodes, and company information from a web application.
Hacking Wireless Networks: This method uses radio waves to send information, which makes it easy for hackers to get into the system from close by. These attackers often use network sniffing to find the Identifier and break into a wireless network.
Social engineering is the process of getting large groups of people to reveal private information. Criminals use eugenics because it is usually easier to take advantage of your natural lack of trust than to figure out how to fake your device.
Types Of Hackers
A hacker is someone who solves a technical problem by using a computer, networking, or even other skills. A hacker is someone who uses their skills to break the law by getting into a computer system or network.
Hackers come in different forms, which are listed below:
White Hat Hackers: They help us on the dark web and are good and right. White-hat hackers are also called “ethical hackers” or “good hackers.” They are people who work in cyber security.
They help the government and businesses by doing penetration tests and finding security flaws. Ethical hackers use many different ways to protect themselves from black hat hackers and other cybercriminals. They get into our system to find weaknesses and help you get rid of viruses and malware.
Black Hat Hackers: These hackers are the most common cybercriminals in the digital world today. A black hat hacker’s main goal is usually to make money.
Criminals like these look at each computer in business and financial systems to find security holes. By using any security holes they find, they can get into your network and get financial, business, and personal information.
Grey Hat Hackers: These hackers are in between white hat and black hat hackers. They are called “Grey Hat hackers.” Even though these “grey hat” hackers might not use their skills to make money for themselves, they are still able to do both good and bad things.
For example, a hacker who gets into a company and finds a weakness may post it online or tell the company about it. Black hat hackers are hackers who use their skills to make money.
How Do I Become a Certified Ethical Hacker? What Training and Credentials Do I Need?
A good hacker should know how to do many things with computers. They usually focus on one part of ethical hacking and become subject matter experts in that area (SME).
Some of the most important skills Ethical Hackers need to have are:
- Knowing scripting languages
- Knowledge of how operating systems work
- A lot of knowledge about networking
- A strong foundation in the principles of information security The most well-known certifications for ethical hackers are:
- Certification as an Ethical Hacker
- CompTIA Security+ and Offensive Security Certified Professional Certification (OSCP)
- The Cisco CCNA Security
Professionals with the CEH, or Certified Ethical Hacker, certification will fit the job profile of anyone who wants to move up in their career.
What Does an Ethical Hacker Certified Do?
Ethical hacking is best done by a Certified Ethical Hacker who has had a lot of training and has certifications that prove their skills and knowledge. A Certified Ethical Hacker has to do the following things:
- Having a meeting with clients to talk about security measures
- Taking a look at the organization’s system, network type, and weak spots
- Performing system penetration testing (s): Finding security holes and weak spots and writing them down
- figuring out how safe the network is
- figuring out what the best security options are
- Reporting on the results of penetration tests
- Putting in place new or proposed security measures and then doing a penetration test.
- Finding replacements for security features that don’t work
There Are Problems With Ethical Hacking.
small in scope. Ethical hackers can’t increase the size of an attack if they want it to work. Still, it makes sense to talk to the organization about possible attacks that aren’t in the scope.
resource limitations. Evil hackers don’t have to worry about running out of time as ethical hackers do. Money and computer power are also things that ethical hackers can’t do.
restricted techniques Some companies tell experts to avoid testing situations that could cause servers to crash, like DDoS attacks.
How to Get a Certification as an Ethical Hacker?
Sign up for a course and get the Certified Ethical Hacker Certification if you want to become a certified ethical hacker. It could be one of the most creative and interesting ways to make a living. This is partly because the hacking environment changes every week.
You need to keep looking into and learning about the newest viruses and security holes that are out there. This work isn’t for nothing, because the more skilled and knowledgeable you are, the more people will want to hire you, and your payment will go up to match that.
Ethical hackers who are certified use their skills to protect and improve an organization’s technology. They do an important job for these businesses by looking for security flaws that could let someone in.
A certified ethical hacker tells an organization about the security holes they’ve found. They also advise on what to do to fix things. With the organization’s permission, the ethical hacker will often do a second test to make sure that all of the risks have been fixed. So, a certified ethical hacker is a very important part of any business.