HomeEducationWhat is Seo and How Do Search Engines Actually Work?

What is Seo and How Do Search Engines Actually Work?

Are you just starting with SEO? You may have heard that SEO can bring more people to your website and help you move up in the rankings, but you may not know how it works or where to focus. Now you’re in the right place. Find out what every online marketer should know about SEO by reading on.

What is the Defining Search Engine Optimization (SEO)?

First, let’s start with a simple question: what is SEO? Well, SEO stands for “Search Engine Optimization.” This is the process of getting traffic from free, organic, editorial, or natural search results in search engines. Its goal is to help your website rank higher in search results. Remember that the more people see a website, the higher it is on the list.

What is Seo and How It Works

Good SEO involves a lot of different things, like:

  • Finding relevant keywords that have a good chance of getting a lot of search traffic.
  • Creating high-quality, useful content and making sure that it is optimized for both users and search engines.
  • Putting in relevant links from good sites
  • Keeping track of the results.

SEO is now considered an important part of marketing.

What is the Difference Between Paid and Organic Search?

You must recognize the distinctions between paid search and organic, natural search, sometimes known as SEO. There are five significant variations:


The top search engine results pages for paid search results are displayed, while those for organic results are displayed below them.


Time is another important distinction between paid and organic search. While results from an organic search can take weeks, months, or even years to appear, results from paid searches can occasionally be obtained in as little as a few minutes. Therefore, with organic search, you must play the medium- to the long-term game.


As the term implies, paid search traffic is compensated when it comes to payment. You pay for each click (PPC) based on the cost per click (CPC). This implies that each time a user clicks on your advertisement, you are charged.

Consequently, you buy traffic for your page by paying Google to display your ad when a visitor searches for your keyword, as opposed to depending on organic traffic to your website. Although it does involve a time and resource investment, traffic for organic search is free.


It’s a lot simpler to calculate the return on investment, or ROI, using paid search. That’s partial because Google offers additional keyword information that Google Analytics can collect.

The ROI of paid search, however, may stagnate or even decrease with time. ROI for organic search is a little bit more difficult to quantify, but it frequently gets better with time. Organic search can provide a very excellent return on investment over the long term.

Portion of Traffic

Approximately 20% to 30% of searchers click on paid results, while 70% to 80% of searchers click on SEO results when it comes to traffic share. Therefore, organic results receive a majority of clicks.

How Are The Similarities Between Paid and Organic Search?

There are parallels between paid and organic search as well as differences:

Keyword research: Search engines are used for both paid and organic searches, and both call for the user to enter a keyword. Therefore, you must conduct keyword research for both paid and organic searches.

Landing pages: You must construct landing pages for each category of search. The landing page must be linked to your website for SEO purposes. It might be the same landing page you use for organic search or sponsored search, or it can be a different standalone page that lives outside of your website.

Traffic: Both sponsored and organic search have traffic generation as one of their main objectives. Most essential, user intent is included in both sponsored and organic search traffic. That is, when someone searches on Google for information or asks a question, they are acting actively and are therefore more likely to act on the information they discover.

What are the Three SEO Pillars?

Knowing how to get your brand, website, or business found by searchers is a basic competency for digital marketers, and keeping up with SEO changes will keep you at the top of your game. Although SEO is always changing in tiny ways, its core principles remain constant. We may divide SEO into three main pillars or components that you must be aware of and practice regularly:

Technical optimization is the process of finishing tasks on your website that aren’t directly related to content but are intended to boost SEO. Behind-the-scenes activities are frequent.

On-Page Optimization: On-Page Optimization is the procedure you employ to make sure the information on your site is pertinent and offers a wonderful user experience.

A content management system can help you accomplish this, which includes choosing the appropriate keywords to target inside your material. Content management systems like WordPress, Wix, Drupal, Joomla, Magento, Shopify, and Expression Engine are typical examples.

Off-Page Optimization: Off-Page Optimization is the process of raising your site’s ranks in search engines by engaging in activities off of it. Backlinks, which help to establish the site’s reputation, are a major factor in this.

How Do Search Engines Work?

When someone has a question and wants to look up the answer online, they use search engines. Search engine algorithms are computer programs that sift through data to provide users with the precise results they want.

What is Seo and How It Works

To identify websites and choose which ones to rank for a particular keyword, search engines use algorithms. To find information, search engines go through three stages: crawling, indexing, and ranking. Crawling is the discovery stage; indexing is the filing stage, and ranking is the retrieval stage.

Step 1: Crawling

Crawling is the initial action. Web crawlers are sent out by search engines to discover new pages and collect data on them. These web crawlers are sometimes known as robots or spiders. They aim to find new websites that are available and to frequently check previously viewed pages to determine if the material has changed or been updated.

Search engines use links they’ve already found to crawl web pages. When a search engine searches your homepage, it will look for another link to follow and may follow the link to your new blog post if you have a blog post that is connected from there.

Step 2: Indexing

The indexing process comes next. A search engine determines whether or not to use the content it has crawled during the indexing process. A search engine will include a crawled web page in its index if it determines that it is worthy. At the end of the ranking process, this index is employed. A web page or other piece of material that has been indexed is filed and saved in a database so that it can be retrieved later. Most websites that offer distinctive and valuable information are indexed. A website could be excluded from the index if:

  • Its content is deemed duplicate.
  • Its content is regarded as being of low quality or spam.
  • It was too big to crawl on.
  • There were no outside links to the page or domain.

Step 3: Ranking

The ranking comes as the third and ultimately most crucial phase. Only once crawling and indexing are finished can ranking take place. Your website can be ranked once a search engine has crawled and indexed it.

More than 200 ranking factors are used by search engines to categorize and rank content, and they all fall under one of the three SEO pillars: technical, on-page, or off-page optimization. Search engines employ a variety of signals to determine how to rank websites, as follows:

  1. Keyword presence in the title tag –If the term or a synonym was used on the page and in the title tag, it was present in the title tag.
  2. Web page loading time – How swiftly and how mobile-friendly is the web page?
  3. Website reputation – Website reputation refers to how well-regarded the web page and website are for the subject being searched for.

Putting Things in Order and Rank

Google’s main search algorithm is called “Hummingbird,” and it decides how search results should be ranked and ordered.

Google also has a part of its search engine called RankBrain that learns from machines:

  • If RankBrain sees a word or phrase it doesn’t know, it uses artificial intelligence to learn more about it by comparing it to other similar search queries.
  • It helps Google understand these queries by turning keywords into known topics and ideas. This means it can give better search engine results, even when the queries are unusual.
  • Instead of trying to be the best keyword-optimized result, RankBrain gives points to websites that make users happy and give them what they want.

Using Rankbrain to Its Fullest

A good SEO strategy is to tweak your website so that users have a better experience and are happier with it. You should also try to get the most out of the RankBrain ranking factor.

These are the three best ways to do this:

Medium-tail keywords should be your focus (key terms consisting of two to three words).

Optimize the titles and descriptions of your pages so that when people search, they are more likely to click on your listing. The click-through rate is the number of people who see you on Google and then click through to your website.

Optimize content to increase dwell time (how long people stay on the page) and decrease bounce rate (how often people leave the page) (the percentage of visitors who leave after only viewing one page).

Remember that the top three things Google uses to rank sites are:

  1. Links
  2. Content
  3. RankBrain
I am the Senior Team Leader and SEO Specialist at News Degree. I am responsible for editing and publishing content on the website. Specifically, I am an expert in covering stories on celebrities and other public figures in the entertainment industry.


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